Linguistics and Cognitive Science
Course Descriptions

Language and Logic
Based on logical languages, which are also referred to as artificial languages, this course will address the logical characteristics and reasoning process underpinning natural languages. By doing so, students will form a logical basis for specifying and explaining the natural language structure. To this end, students will review basic concepts of logical language and conduct their own analyses and reasoning processes of natural language, based on logical language.

Linguistic Contents and Applications
Linguistic content research occupies an important place in language education and educational engineering. This course looks at the commonalities and differences between processes involved with foreigners learning a language and computers learning and understanding human language. Students will also review various issues surrounding the development of educational linguistic contents for foreigners and create simple linguistic contents in web document format.

Survey of Linguistics
Students will learn the basic fields of linguistics and relevant concepts, including morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.

Phonetic & Phonological Analysis
An introductory course in human speech sounds and phonemes used to make distinctions in meaning. Phonetics is further divided into articulatory phonetics, experimental-acoustic phonetics, and auditory phonetics. Through practical exercise of the most basic articulatory phonetics, the course equips students with the ability to objectively write, pronounce, and listen to speech sounds. Introduces the various definitions of phonemes from psychological, distributional and functional points of view. Introduces and summarizes the most recently advanced distinctive feature theory. Explains phonotactic constraints through phonological rules and alteration rules.

Korean Grammar
Examines the grammatical characteristics of Korean, problems with its description, and methods of resolving those problems. Provides groundwork for discussing and investigating standard speech and Korean orthography to enable students to correctly use oral and written Korean.

Brain and Cognition
Brain science studies brains in a comprehensive manner. It examines the development and structure of brains; interactions among neurons, the brains' nerve cells; and results of brain activities such as actions, experience, memory, thinking, learning, resolution of problems, etc.

Words and Culture
A language used in a specific area reflects the area's cultural characteristics. Such characteristics are instilled in many subdivisions of linguistics, and in particular, in words. For instance, the Eskimo language has many words denoting snow and an Australian aboriginal language has many words denoting sand. This course analyzes the words of several dialect/language zones to understand the cultural characteristics in those lexicon groups and correlation between lexical and cultural categories. For effective word analysis, the corpus processing and statistical natural language processing methods are used.

Introduction to Programming Languages
Students will learn basic programming techniques for computer processing of natural language. In particular, they will use Prolog, which is based on logical language, to acquire knowledge of programming principles, based on which they will become familiar with computer processing of natural language. This will allow students to learn other programming languages easily, and enable them to conduct programming for natural language processing.

Morphological Analysis
Deals with analysis of morphemes, the minimal unit of meaning and sound and examines the types of morphemes as well as the way in which morphemes make up a word.

Syntactic Analysis
Examines the types of words such as nouns and verbs, and how they combine with one another to make different phrases and clauses. Introduces the basic linguistic phenomena in syntax and considers the tools and means necessary to account for such phenomena.

Introduction to Lexicology
As the basic structural unit of a language, each word is pregnant with various pieces of information (parts of speech, speech sounds, syntax, information relating to semantic properties) a speaker has to know to comprehend and be proficient in a given language. Such information is generally included in the mental lexicon alongside a list of individual vocabulary. This course introduces ways to systematically analyze and understand such lexical information.

Language & Communication
The most important function of language used by animals and men is communication. Several elements are required for language or non-language communication to be realized. Based on these elements, this course discusses various issues with focus on language communication models such as Saussure, Shannon & Moles, Bloomfield, and Buhler.

Special Topics in Linguistics
Considers linguistic research themes and methodologies not covered by other existing courses. Provides balanced and broad linguistic experience.

Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive psychology is an area of psychology that studies men's mental operations and its main object of interest is the cognition process. Information acquired and manipulated by the cognition process, namely, knowledge, is called mental representation. Cognitive psychology deals with the process where information is manipulated and processed that leads to mental representation, the result of such processing.

Introduction to Word-Formation Theory
The course will take a linguistic approach to discovering the rationale and method for creating new words. In addition, students will develop the ability to forecast trends in the creation of new words.

Computer & Linguistic Analysis
This course studies various issues where computers can be used as a tool regarding linguistic analysis of linguistic data. Students get to actually use relevant programs to gain a better understanding and review the issues of linguistic theories.

Programming Languages & Laboratory
Students will learn advanced programming techniques used to process natural language. Lectures will focus on composition and characteristics of a variety of programming languages (such as C, Perl, and XML), and students will practice techniques related to natural language analysis. Through this process, students will acquire advanced programming capabilities.

Experimental Phonetics
In the era of information technology represented by computers and the Internet, humankind continues its search for more convenient machines and interfaces. The most convenient interface, of course, is a natural language. Accordingly, interest in voice synthesis and voice recognition technology for machines has been growing in recent years. This course consists of lectures on the principle and methodology of experimental phonetics that studies how machines may be contrived to produce and recognize human voice. Students learn related programming and voice analysis programs.

Psycholinguistics
This course studies the relationship between men’s psychological and linguistic activities. It looks at the psychological substantiality of grammar, the production and understanding process of sentences, language and thinking, as well as language and reasoning.

Language and Thought
What is the relationship between language and thought? Is thought created first and then language step in to express thought? Or does language itself become thought? Half a century ago, Sapir and Whorf suggested a hypothesis that language governs thought and language determines culture. With the brilliant development of generative linguistics during the last half a century, linguistics have made great contributions to clarifying the essence of human intellect, namely, the structure of the mind. Now we know many factors about interactions between language and mind that were not known fifty years ago. Based on linguistic knowledge accumulated during the past fifty years, this course aims to newly define the relationship between language and thought. Using the latest works by professor Pinker, a world-renowned cognitive scientist, as the main teaching material, this course clarifies organic cooperative relations between language, structure of the brain, and thought and discusses issues to resolve the development process of cognitive science in general.

History of Linguistics
Provides an overview of the development process of linguistics at different periods from the time of ancient Greece down through to the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and modern times.

Korean as a Foreign Language: Grammar
Theories of Korean grammar do not necessarily coincide with practical use of Korean grammar. This course deals with Korean as a foreign language, based on Korean grammar texts written in English, so that students can make effective use of Korean grammar.

Semantic Analysis
Defines the meaning of 'meaning' from a linguistic perspective and elucidates semantic relationships between words. Examines how words combine to form meaningful sentences.

Introduction to Cognitive Science
The course is a general overview of cognitive science, which involves research of the human mind, intelligence, and knowledge, and is based on studies of brain structure and functions.

Elementary Latin (1), (2)
This course focuses on acquisition of basic Latin vocabulary and grammar. Latin has played an important role as the language of scholarship and culture in the West from ancient Roman times to the Renaissance. Latin is necessary for researching romance languages derived from Latin, such as French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Rumanian.

Introduction to Computational Linguistics
This course provides a basic introduction to all research areas that process (analyze and create) human language through computers, and areas of actual usage. Students will discuss the relationship between the history of computational linguistics and theories of existing linguistic studies. They will also apply what they have learned to real life situations.

Neurolinguistics
Lectures in this course will review the neurological influence on understanding and producing language as well as linguistic skills. Specific parts of the human brain perform different types of functions, and linguistic capabilities are located mainly in the left brain.

Linguistics and Cognitive Science
Students will consider how to establish linguistic studies as an area of cognitive science, and what subjects should be included. The psychological foundations of grammar and the relationship between language and thought will also be covered. Students will also examine how various sub-level areas of linguistic phenomenon are represented from the perspective of cognitive science.

Practice in Linguistics
Each student chooses a topic for research, in-class presentations, and discussion to prepare for their theses. For effective implementation, students study the conventions of thesis writing and linguistic research methodologies.

Historical Comparative Linguistics
Studies the process of linguistic changes and their causes from historical records. Reconstructs and compares the older linguistic forms of different language families to elucidate the characteristics of their protolanguage.

Speech Technologies
With advancements in information and telecommuni- cation technologies, more and more people are taking an interest in speech recognition and speech synthesis technologies. Speech recognition refers to technology that automatically extracts linguistic information embedded in speech, and provides such information to those who need it. Speech synthesis, which converts texts to speech signals, is being applied to electronic mail readers, audio books, and automatic translation machines. This course will cover both subjects in detail.

Anthropological Linguistics
Examines how the cultural characteristics of different communities are manifested in their languages. Introduces ways to elucidate the relationship between a culture and its language.

Understanding Electronic Dictionaries
An electronic dictionary is the most basic linguistic data structure required for a computer to analyze, create, and translate human language. Students will review the differences between a dictionary made for a computer and that made for a human being with intelligence, and through a comparison, come up with key points for consideration.

Introduction to Pragmatics
In actual situations, sentences can have meanings other than their unchangeable meaning. This course deals with the meaning of live language when sentences are used in actual context. For instance, it explores conversational implicature, premises, speech act, and deixis.

Introduction to Language Pathology
Language pathology involves research of general theories and clinical issues of communication and linguistic disabilities. The aim of this course is to introduce basic concepts and methodologies of language pathology studies, and to impart the basic knowledge required for a comprehensive understanding of language pathology.

Sociolinguistics
Examines the various linguistic characteristics and problems in social context as well as the sociocultural phenomena reflected in the language. Specifically examines how social factors such as region, age, gender, social status, education level, and occupation are reflected in the language structure and vocabulary and identifies their correlation.

Mathematical Linguistics
Students will first study the logical foundation required for conducting research on natural language. Secondly, they will look at the logical structure inherent in natural language.

Language & Information
This course will focus on issues related to mechanical processing of all language-based information types. Discussions will cover relevant areas, such as studies in corpus linguistics and electronic dictionaries.

Readings in Linguistics
The objective of this course is to provide students with opportunities to read the original works of well-known linguistic scholars, and to gain an understanding of their theories.

Practice Phonology
This course deals with various research methodologies of phonology, attempting to apply them to a single language. It will cover a wide spectrum of theories, including generative, autosegmental, and metrical phonology as well as the traditional structural approach. Students will also analyze phonological phenomenon present in actual linguistic materials.

Natural Language Processing
Natural language processing refers to automatic analysis and creation of human language by computers. This lecture will address the progress of research, and introduce areas to which such research results have been applied. For example, mechanical translation systems and Internet-based search systems will be introduced.

Syntactic Theories
Various types of grammatical models are used to explain syntactic phenomenon, each based on a particular theory. This course focuses on comparing representative grammatical models so as to enhance the student's ability to determine the pros and cons of each theory.