회원국
한국외대-현대경제연구원 EU Center

회원국

유럽연합은 27개 회원국으로 이루어져 있다. 1957년 프랑스, 독일, 이탈리아, 네덜란드, 벨기에, 룩셈부르크로부터 시작된 공동체는 1973년 영국, 아일랜드, 덴마크를 가입시켜 9개국으로 확대되었다. 1981년에는 그리스가, 1986년에는 스페인과 포르투갈이 가입해 12개 국가가 되었다. 1993년 유럽연합(European Union)으로 명칭을 변경한 공동체는 1995년 오스트리아, 스웨덴, 핀란드를 가입시켜 서유럽, 북유럽, 남유럽 대부분의 국가로 확대되었다. 2004년에는 폴란드, 헝가리, 체코, 슬로바키아, 슬로베니아, 라트비아, 리투아니아, 에스토니아, 사이프러스, 몰타를 가입시켜 중동부유럽을 포함하는 명실상부한 유럽연합으로 확대되었다. 2007년에는 루마니아와 불가리아가 가입하고 2013년에 크로아티아가 가입해 현재 28개국을 거느린 거대한 공동체가 되었다.

 

 

 

 

 오스트리아

 

Year of EU entry:1995

Capital city:Vienna
Total area:83 870 km²

Population:8.3 million

Currency:Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area:Member of the Schengen area since 1995

 

 벨기에

 

Year of EU entry:Founding member (1952)

Capital city: Brussels
Total area:30 528 km²

Population:10.7 million

Currency:Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)

Schengen area:Member of the Schengen area since 1985

 

 

 

 불가리아

 

Year of EU entry: 2007
Capital city: Sofia
Total area: 111 910 km²
Population: 7.6 million
Currency: lev (лв)
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

 

 

 크로아티아

 

Year of EU entry: 2013
Capital city: Zagreb
Total area: 56 594 km²
Population: 4 398 150
Currency: kuna
Schengen area: Croatia is expected to join the Schengen area by 2015

 

 키프로스

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Nicosia
Total area: 9 250 km²
Population: 0.8 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2008 (€)
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

 

 

 체코

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Prague
Total area: 78 866 km²
Population: 10.5 million
Currency: Czech koruna (Kč)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

 

 

 덴마크

 

Year of EU entry:1973
Capital city:Copenhagen
Total area:43 094 km²
Population:5.5 million
Currency:Danish krone (kr.)
Schengen area:Member of the Schengen area since 1996

 

 에스토니아

 

Year of EU entry:2004
Capital city:Tallinn
Total area:45 000 km²
Population:1.3 million
Currency:Member of the eurozone since 2011 (€)
Schengen area:Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

 

  핀란드

 

Year of EU entry: 1995
Capital city: Helsinki
Total area: 338 000 km²
Population: 5.3 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

 

  프랑스

 

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)
Capital city: Paris
Total area: 550 000 km²
Population: 64.3 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985


 

 

  독일

 

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)
Capital city: Berlin
Total area: 356 854 km²
Population: 82 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

 

  그리스

 

Year of EU entry: 1981
Capital city: Athens
Total area: 131 957 km²
Population: 11.2 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2001 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1992

 

 

 

 

 

  헝가리

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Budapest
Total area: 93 000 km²
Population: 10 million
Currency: forint (Ft)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

 

  아일랜드

 

Year of EU entry: 1973
Capital city: Dublin
Total area: 70 000 km²
Population: 4.5 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

 

 

 

  이탈리아


 

Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)
Capital city: Rome
Total area: 301 263 km²
Population: 60 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1990

 

  라트비아

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Riga
Total area: 65 000 km²
Population: 2.3 million
Currency: lats (Ls)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

  리투아니아

 
Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Vilnius
Total area: 65 000 km²
Population: 3.3 million
Currency: litas (Lt)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

  룩셈부르크

 
Year of EU entry: Founding member (1952)
Capital city: Luxembourg
Total area: 2 586 km²
Population: 0.5 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

 

 

  몰타

 
Year of EU entry:2004
Capital city:Valletta
Total area:316 km²
Population:0.4 million
Currency:Member of the eurozone since 2008 (€)
Schengen area:Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

  네덜란드


Year of EU entry:Founding member (1952)
Capital city:Amsterdam
Total area:41 526 km²
Population:16.4 million
Currency:Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1985

 

 

 

  폴란드

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Warsaw
Total area: 312 679 km²
Population: 38.1 million
Currency: Zloty (zł)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

  포르투갈

 

Year of EU entry: 1986
Capital city: Lisbon
Total area: 92 072 km²
Population: 10.6 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1991

 

 

  루마니아

 

Year of EU entry: 2007
Capital city: Bucharest
Total area: 237 500 km²
Population: 21.5 million
Currency: Romanian leu
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen

 

   슬로바키아

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Bratislava
Total area: 48 845 km²
Population: 5.4 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2009 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

 

 

  슬로베니아

 

Year of EU entry: 2004
Capital city: Ljubljana
Total area: 20 273 km²
Population: 2 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 2007 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 2007

 

  스페인

 

Year of EU entry: 1986
Capital city: Madrid
Total area: 504 782 km²
Population: 45.8 million
Currency: Member of the eurozone since 1999 (€)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1991

 

 

 

 

  스웨덴

 

Year of EU entry: 1995
Capital city: Stockholm
Total area: 449 964 km²
Population: 9.2 million
Currency: krona (kr)
Schengen area: Member of the Schengen area since 1996

 

 

  영국

 

Year of EU entry: 1973
Capital city: London
Total area: 244 820 km²
Population: 61.7 million
Currency: pound sterling (£)
Schengen area: Not a member of Schengen